Writing is thinking made visible. That’s how writing powers learning: Learn to write, learn to think.

Writing helps you remember. It helps you understand. It helps you explain. Writing helps you organize, plan, prepare, and work through process. Best of all, writing lets you freeze your thinking, zoom in, take a closer look, and then blast off your thoughts to the world – for all to see and hear.

Writing, reading, and researching are fundamentals of thinking. These fundamentals are connected, building from each other. This forms a system, one paying attention, learning, thinking, understanding, explaining, and sharing your thoughts. A system of knowldege.

In middle school, you are ready to write research papers. This is hard work. You must go through many steps and you must practice, practice, practice. But, step-by-step, you will improve. Your writing will get better. You will be become a stronger reader. Your thinking will be more powerful. And your potential to think, understand, and explain will expand. You will become smarter.

How to Write a Research Paper in Grade 7

Thinking Made Visible helps teachers help middle school students at becoming better readers and writers. It is a practical program, based on the real world of classroom teaching in a public school in British Columbia.

Developed for Grade 7 (or 8), the program works for students reading at a Grade 3 or higher level and can be modified for students reading below this level. The program was developed with English language learners in mind. Students do not need to be fluent readers at the start of the program and do not need any experience at writing a research paper. This program works in classooms with a wide range of skill and ability levels. It was developed specifically to support students with low or irregular attendance.

Writing is a system composed of the following parts:

  • Features of Text
  • Five Fs of Writing
  • Levels of Analysis
  • Six-Stages of Writing

The program is organized into the following six units, spread throughout a school year:

  • Unit 1: The Daily Dozen, Cognitive Tools, Features of Text, Writing as a System, Notetaking and Outlining
  • Unit 2: Theories of Good Writing, Five Fs of Writing, Levels of Analysis, Paragraph Sandwich
  • Unit 3: Rigourous Self-Assessment, Coding the Five Fs, Systems and Theories, Approximation with Intensification
  • Unit 4: Six-Stages of Writing
  • Unit 5: Writing How to Write
  • Unit 6: Mastering Mastery

Students produce the following major assignments:

  • Project Board (Celtic and Norse Traditional Narratives)
  • Mini-Research Paper (Rome in Britain)
  • Reflection Paper (How to Write)
  • First Research Paper (Ancient Civilization)
  • Second Research Paper (Indigenous Foods and World Cultures)